Recognising your skin type means you can adapt a new daily care routine which will help stop problems and have you on the right path to a fresh looking face and a smooth body texture. It’s often the most simple products which can help the most so check out which type of skin you have and then the way to rectify issues.

Normal

To have the ultimate normal skin would mean no areas of dry and no patches of oil. This would be the perfect skin and virtually nobody has this so it’s about degrees of ‘normal’. A small patch of oil on the skin doesn’t mean it’s oily and a little patch of flaking on the cheeks in the winter doesn’t mean it’s dry.

If you can see that whilst your skin isn’t uniform in how flawless it is but recognise yourself as not having an extreme of another skin type, you can say with certainty you have normal skin.

Normal skin means the least amount of maintenance. It doesn’t mean to forget about a routine because factors such as changes in weather and the aging process can mean the skin changes either temporarily or with more permanence.

Use a cleanser which is water-soluble, a toner with antioxidants, a moisturiser in the daytime which contains sunscreen and an anti-aging serum.

Dry

Dry skin is caused by the outer layers losing their ability to retain moisture. It’s often down to sun damage combined with skin-care products which contain an irritant.

To begin to relieve dry skin, products which can create a protective barrier are the key. The skin will rehydrate and the cycle of dry skin and then the cause of the issue in the first place will be broken.

There are a number of items to stop using as these are elevating the problem:

  • All kinds of soap
  • Harsh cleaning chemicals
  • Products with possible irritants; mint, citrus, eucalyptus, manmade fragrances
  • Skin scrubs
  • Use of extremely hot water

To then create the barrier, use sunscreen every day. This includes winter as there can still be harmful UV rays coming through the clouds. Choose a moisturiser packed with antioxidants and where there are areas of very dry skin such as elbows and heels, use a plant oil such as olive oil on top of the moisturiser.

Oily

If your face is shiny within 1-2 hours of cleansing, make-up seems to ‘slide’ even though it’s not warm, your pores are visibly enlarged and you have blackheads or acne on oily patches then these are all signs that overall you have oily skin.

An ideal beauty routine is to use a water-soluble cleanser twice a day. It shouldn’t leave a residue after use nor should it have specific drying agents as this won’t help on a long term basis. Tone with an alcohol free product and exfoliate. This is the most important step for oily skin and using one will remove the thickened pore lining which has built up along with the oily layer of dead skin cells.

Combination

Dry patches on the cheeks and a shiny forehead and nose indicates combination skin. The causes are sometimes genetic but can be down to using incorrect products. A moisturiser which is too emollient for example can clog pores and make sections of the face even more oily.

Some may need different products for the dry or oily parts of their face or it may even out when current products are no longer used.

For a general cleaning routine, wash the face with a gentle cleanser. A gel-based one is excellent for combination skin. Follow with a toner which is free from alcohol, menthol or witch hazel as they will irritate. Use a sunscreen all four seasons of the year and spot treat specific areas such as a lotion moisturiser for the dry patches.